Vehicle Tax Regulations


Tax regulations surrounding the use of light commercial vehicles (LCVs) at work are very simple. Yet judging by the number of companies who operate outside of these rules, it would suggest otherwise.

Company LCVs used privately incur a flat-rate van benefit charge of £3,350 (2018/19) for the driver, up from £3,230 in 2017/18. If ‘free’ fuel is also provided by the employer for the private mileage, an additional flat-rate van fuel benefit charge applies. The charge for 2018/19 has increased from £610 to £633. This means, in real terms, a fully-expensed company van now costs a higher rate tax payer an extra £57.20 per year in tax.

The van benefit charge for zero emission vans has doubled from 20% of the main rate in 2017/18 to 40% in 2018/19. This rate will increase on a tapered basis equalising with the standard charge in 2022/23 (60% in 2019/20; 80% in 2020/21; 90% in 2021/22; 100% in 2022/2023).


Around 1 million people in the UK drive a company car. The taxable car benefit is calculated as a percentage of the list price of the car (P11d value). This percentage depends upon fuel type and the rate at which the car emits carbon dioxide (CO2).

Where the employer also covers the drivers private fuel, a fuel benefit charge is applied. The taxable car fuel benefit, for 2018/19, is calculated by applying the CO2 based car benefit percentage to the car fuel benefit charge multiplier of £23,400.

Using the car details below, car benefit has increased £700 from £6,554 to £7,254 and fuel benefit £478 from £6,928 to £7,406. In real terms for a higher rate tax payer, car benefit has increased £280 from £2622 to £2902 and fuel benefit £191 from £2771 to £2962.

Vehicle make

Volvo V60

Vehicle model

T4 [190] Business 5dr

Fuel type


Engine size


List price


CO2 emissions (g/km)


BIK multiplier 17/18


BIK multiplier 18/19


For the latest HMRC advisory fuel rates, click here


Over 14 million privately owned vehicles are used for work purposes in the UK. It is normal practice for employees to be reimbursed at a reasonable mileage rate for business use of their own vehicles.

Similar to with company cars, HMRC publishes Approved Mileage Allowance Payments (AMAP's). Providing that the employee is not reclaiming at rates higher than the AMAP's, this does not need to be reported on the P11D. Therefore no tax or NIC's are payable.

The standard AMAP rate for cars is £0.45 per mile for the first 10,000 business miles and £0.25 thereafter.

For more information on AMAP's, click here


One of the primary design features of the ABAX Triplog is to be HMRC compliant. It is not just a requirement for our product but our employees are also experts in the complex field of vehicle regulation.


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